The leading African chicken meat importers are South Africa, Angola, Ghana, Benin and Republic of Congo, with these five countries accounting for almost 80% of sub-Saharan African chicken meat imports in 2011.
Leading African chicken meat importers (tonnes)
|South Africa||Angola||Ghana||Benin||Republic of Congo||Total sub-Saharan Africa|
Note: * forecast
Source: USDA, cited inThepoultrysite.com, Global poultry trends 2013, 13 November 2013, Table 3
Since 2000, sub-Saharan Africas share of total chicken meat imports has increased from 4% to 10%. As a consequence, Africa plays an increasingly significant role in global imports of fresh/frozen chicken meat. The largest proportional increase in chicken meat imports was to Ghana, while the largest absolute increase in chicken meat imports was to South Africa, followed by Angola. By 2012, South Africas chicken meat imports represented some 20 per cent of total market supplies.
At the end of September 2013, the market effects of these imports saw the South African government raise the general tariff on five categories of imported chicken products (see Agritradearticle , 17 November 2013). However, as a result of the EUSouth Africa Trade, Development and Cooperation Agreement (TDCA), EU exporters continued to enjoy duty-free access to the South African market. With EU exporters playing a major role in the chicken meat trade, the South African Poultry Association has applied for the TDCA safeguard provisions to be invoked to deal with what the Association claims is dumping. According to EC reports, EU poultry meat exports are projected to continue to grow in 2013 (+1%), despite the phasing out of export refunds on whole frozen poultry carcasses.
In West Africa, chicken meat imports into Ghana are projected to be three times higher in 2013 than in 2006. Benin, meanwhile, is projected to have imported 125,000 tonnes of chicken meat in 2013, with both a large-scale re-export trade (42,000 tonnes in 2011, when imports were 25% lower) and an extensive unofficial trade. In November 2013, the national press reported that Nigerian customs destroyed further consignments of chicken meat smuggled from Benin. According to the Nigerian Customs Comptroller General, until countries within the Economic Communities of West African States (ECOWAS) harmonize their treaties, tariff systems and nomenclatures, the issue of smuggling will not be permanently addressed. In the case of poultry, the root problem lies in the very different import policies of Nigeria and Benin.