Many of these national expenditures are similar in nature to EU support measures and would fall under EU rural development programmes if the budget allocation were larger. However, given that EU funding is multi-annual and member state funding is determined on an annual basis, member state expenditures tend to be more sensitive to current economic conditions.In terms of member state expenditures, the most important categories of support in 2011 were Investment in agricultural holdings, livestock sector supports, insurance premiums, animal disease measures, which targeted areas with certain handicaps, and research and development. The noticeable trends are:
- the reduction in member state expenditures since 2007/2008 (21%);
- the increased support to insurance premiums (+509 million), handicaps in certain areas (+369 million), and animal welfare measures (+242 million support);
- the reduction in expenditures in environmental protection measures (1,173 million).
According to the analysis, as a proportion of CAP expenditures, national agricultural support measures were at a peak in 2002, at 35%, but fell to 20% for the years 2003 to 2011. This is linked to the multiannual nature of EU allocations and the annual nature of member state allocations, which are much more sensitive to fiscal pressures.
EU member states aid to agriculture under the top 10 objectives 200211 ( million)
|Investment in agri. holdings||1,065||1,188||1,645||1,839||1,725||1,656||1,806||1,631||1,410||744|
|Handicaps in certain areas||64||43||56||172||184||300||271||257||310||433|
|Research & development||692||719||862||677||612||584||563||468||458||408|
|Adverse climate events||148||697||1,066||305||498||632||414||367||172||384|