Chicken meat imports to Pacific ACP countries (tonnes)
Source: FAO, cited inThepoultrysite.com, 13 November 2013 (see below), Table 5
The figures show an accelerating rate of growth of imports of chicken meat into the Pacific since 2006, with imports increasing 139% for the nine PACP countries covered by the review. The picture varies, however, from country to country, with imports in one of the larger markets, Fiji, down 42% between 2006 and 2011. This reflects an increase in poultry production from approximately 11 million chickens per annum in 2008 to over 15 million by the beginning of 2012. This followed investment by Goodman Fielder New Zealand (seeAgritradearticle Fiji poultry sector to expand amid regional tensions, 18 June 2012). Among PACP countries, Fiji is the only one reportedly involved in the chicken meat export trade, with exports of 61 tonnes in 2011 (for Fijis aspirations in this regard seeAgritradearticle USDA publishes review of Timor-Leste poultry sector, 9 August 2011).
Chicken meat imports into PNG once again came in for criticism in November 2013. The Poultry Industry Association (PIA) accused poultry traders of profiting at the expense of poultry producers. On average, importers were paying AU$1.12/kg for frozen and chilled fresh chicken, with a landed value of AU$2.74/kg, while the production costs in Australia were approximately AU$3.18/kg. With traded poultry products being exported at significantly below the average cost of Australian poultry meat, it was argued that PNG had become a dumping ground. However, these poultry exports consist primarily of low quality, high fat and dark meat portions, which find no ready market in Australia and New Zealand.
PIA representatives rejected accusations that high feed costs accounted for the industrys lack of competitiveness, maintaining there were a variety of causes behind the local industries high production costs, including high electricity, security and transportation costs. This prompted a call for government action to reduce the costs incurred by industry in all of these areas, to stimulate domestic production and eventually exports.