Rural households in Samoa are being connected to income streams by adding value to local products and marketing via the Internet. Adimaimalaga Tafunai, Executive Director of Women in Business Development Inc (WIBDI), explains how linking indigenous traditions to ICT tools is helping to improve smallholder livelihoods and stem the rural exodus.
As an organisation dedicated to strengthening village economies in Samoa, WIBDI has come a long way since its small beginnings in 1990. Learning from experience and mistakes has always been a strong feature of this Pacific NGO, which helps vulnerable rural families to earn a regular income by establishing sustainable agribusinesses in their own communities.
Set up with a special focus on indigenous traditions, the organisation uses a blend of traditional and modern technology to develop income earning opportunities for its members and find markets for their products. The formula has proved a winning one, despite some stumbling blocks along the way. In helping villagers to build agribusinesses based on organic products, WIBDI has gradually forged links with a number of high profile regional and global trading partners, including The Body Shop, All Good Organics and C1 Espresso.
“Our work has grown from traditional forms of income generation like handicrafts to where we are now – adding value to locally grown crops and exporting to niche markets as far away as the UK,” said Tafunai, who was one of seven founding members. “The bulk of our work is now focused on adding value to crops grown by rural farming families and facilitating export, as well as local sales of the value added products.”
Efforts to market products from rural households have involved a learning curve for WIBDI staff, who have had to adopt innovative ways to add value to crops and other products and make them visible to a wider audience. “WIBDI has come a long way, and the learning has been immense because we made so many mistakes along the way, but we always used the mistakes to learn and grow,” recalls Tafunai. “Innovation was necessary because the earlier projects, aimed at traditional things like handicraft production, were difficult since there were no sustainable markets.”
Value addition for local producers
The organisation’s fortunes, and those of its members, began to improve when it decided to target a wider range of value added products and embrace ICTs to market them. With support from CTA, which helped to raise WIBDI’s profile and offered training and assistance in using ICTs, the Pacific NGO has come of age. It currently works in 201 Samoan villages, helping to promote organic agricultural enterprises that earn more than €193,000 (WST600,000) for rural families each year.
Examples of value added products include a cocoa paste called koko samo, which is processed by the families who farm the cocoa to increase their income. WIBDI supplies cocoa farmers with a mould and collects the processed blocks before packaging, labelling and marketing them. Another top selling product is virgin coconut oil, sourced from local farmers rather, which sells for a premium price compared to unprocessed coconuts.
WIBDI’s first encounter with ICTs came with the launch of its organic programme, when staff were issued with tablets to keep accurate data, as a requirement of organic certification. The organisation’s introduction to social media, with a staff member sponsored by CTA to attend a distance-learning course, has also been key. WIBDI has since assumed the role of extending the use of social media to other users in the region, and the organisation now relies heavily on these channels to market its products and spread the word about the work it does.
Today, the NGO uses social media platforms to tell stories about people who are managing to carve a sustainable livelihood from rural enterprise. The organisation now has a social media officer to manage the Facebook, Twitter and YouTube accounts. Social media creates a window where potential buyers can connect with local products, which has helped to generate a substantial amount of e-commerce for WIBDI members. The organisation is now poised to launch a CTA-funded app called Farmwallet, a marketing tool to link farmers to markets and vice versa. The app will also link farmers to savings accounts held with WIBDI.
A bright future in organic farming
Although initially launched to target women, WIBDI now works with entire families – a deliberate strategy that is once again the fruit of experience. “In working specifically with women, we were often taking them away from their usual roles, which caused issues within the family,” explained Tafunai. “Working together with the whole family helped us to overcome this, as they began to understand the activities and work out among themselves the right person to do certain jobs.”
One of WIBDI’s programmes, the Organic Warriors Academy, is specifically directed at young people and aims to solve the dual problem of insufficient manpower for family-run organic farms, and large numbers of unemployed youth. The initiative offers training and encourages young people not to join the rural exodus, but to consider organic farming as a respectable job that has a bright future. It is no coincidence that the programme includes an ICT component, teaching young people to use smartphones for mapping their farms and connecting their products to markets.
“The majority of Samoan youth think farming is a dirty job, so we decided to begin a training programme that would give them an appreciation for organic farming and recognition of how it was a real career possibility,” said Tafunai. “Young people are all interested in technology, and when they are involved in using it from the beginning to map their land it gives them a whole new perspective on their family farms. The fact that they can now use their phones to connect with markets is exciting for them. It changes the whole way they think of farming, and the future it holds for them.”