The Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) shut down its activities in December 2020 at the end of its mandate. The administrative closure of the Centre was completed in November 2021.

James Ellsmoor

Director, Solar Head of State


James Ellsmoor is a Forbes 30 Under 30 entrepreneur, dedicated to his passion for sustainable development and renewable energy. James is Co-Founder and Director of Solar Head of State, an international nonprofit working with governments in the Caribbean and Pacific islands to raise awareness of renewable energy through high-profile solar installations and associated publicity campaigns. He now consults for leaders in NGOs, the private sector and government on topics related to sustainable development and entrepreneurship. His work extends into climate change policy, renewable energy and travel and he has particular expertise in small island developing states (SIDS). He is editor of the Island Innovation news bulletin.



The circular economy concept concerns the creation of sustainable growth by maximising the efficiency of resource allocation and ultimately, producing more outputs from fewer inputs in a semi-closed system. In agriculture, there are opportunities to reuse outputs, such as waste, at all stages of the production process, and use them as inputs for other production chains.


A transition to sustainable energy can impact agricultural businesses at all stages of the value chain. By introducing renewables, businesses can mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, adapt to the effects of climate change and reap the economic benefits.